Database | A structured collection of data, typically stored electronically in a computer system. Table | A collection of data in a database, organised into rows and columns. Column | A vertical entity in a table that contains all information associated with a specific field in the database. Field | A single piece of data in a record, equivalent to a column in a relational database table. Row/Record | A single, horizontally stored data entity in a table, which contains fields corresponding to columns. Primary Key | A unique identifier for each record in a database table, crucial for ensuring data uniqueness and integrity. Foreign Key | A field (or collection of fields) in one table, that uniquely identifies a row of another table. It's a key used to link two tables together. Flat-File Database | A simple database system in which each database is contained in a single table, often stored as a plain text file. Relational Database | A type of database that stores and provides access to data points that are related to one another. Data Type | An attribute that specifies the type of data that a column can hold (e.g., integer, text, date/time). Query | A request to access data from a database, often written in a specific language like SQL. Data Integrity | The accuracy and consistency of data stored in a database. Index | A database structure that improves the speed of data retrieval operations on a database table. Aggregate Function | A function in SQL that performs a calculation on a set of values and returns a single value, often used in data analysis. Data Redundancy | The repetition of data within a database, which can lead to inconsistencies and increased storage requirements. Data Privacy | The aspect of database management that deals with handling and securing personal or sensitive data. Data Security | Measures and techniques used to protect database information from unauthorized access or corruption. Backup | The process of creating a copy of data stored in a database, used for data recovery in case of data loss. Transaction | A sequence of database operations that are treated as a single unit, often used to maintain data integrity.